Vocabulary for IELTS
Từ vựng IELTS Speaking: Chủ đề Personality
Chào các bạn, IELTS có một lượng từ vựng rất lớn nên vấn đề về “Vocabulary” vẫn là vấn đề số 1 khi học IELTS. Nên để dễ dàng hơn cho các bạn, chúng ta sẽ chia lượng từ vựng đó thành các chủ đề và sẽ chỉ ôn luyện những từ hay thường gặp nhất trong một bài thi IELTS. Chúng ta sẽ cùng đến với chủ đề đầu tiên khi nói về tính cách con người – Persionality.
Từ vựng luyện thi nói IELTS theo chủ đề: Sport
Từ vựng luyện thi nói IELTS theo chủ đề: Work
Từ vựng luyện thi nói IELTS theo chủ đề: Health
Trong bài thi IELTS Speaking, giám khảo có thể hỏi bạn về tính cách hoặc đặc điểm của một người nào đó mà bạn biết. Hãy đọc những câu hỏi và câu trả lời mẫu của chủ đề này và chú ý những từ và cụm từ được bôi đậm. Sử dụng phần ‘Definition’ ở cuối trang để kiểm tra nghĩa của các cụm từ đó.
Part 1 – style questions
Examiner: How would you describe yourself?
Paula: Everyone tells me I take after my mum as I’m quite laid-back … I think I’m good company but you should ask my friends if they agree …
Examiner: In which ways are you similar to your friends?
Manuel: I seem to be attracted to introverts … not people who are painfully shy but most of my friends are a little reserved … and I think that’s what I’m like …
Examiner: Are you similar or different to your brother(s)/ sister(s)?
Mira: I think my brother and I are very similar … I’d say we’re fun-loving and tend to be a bit extroverted … my brother is certainly the life and soul of the party … I’m not sure that applies to me …
Part 2 – style task
Describe a teacher you once had who you enjoyed being taught by. You should say
- who this person was
- when they were your teacher
- which subject they taught you
- and describe what it was about their character that you liked.
Carolina: I’d like to describe my English teacher from school … Miss Thomas … this was a few years ago now and she was my teacher at a time when I was getting a little bored with being at school … unlike some of the other teachers Miss Thomas never lost her temper … she was very calm and easy-going … she was also very broad-minded... we were able to ask her questions about lots of subjects that some other teachers would refuse to discuss which made us respect her even more … she had a great sense of humour too … she’d laugh at our jokes as well as making us laugh … and she would also bend over backwards to help us with our work … she always put us first and often stayed around at the end of class to talk with anyone who needed help … apparently she was highly respected within her field but you would never know as she was the type that hid her light under a bushel … she was very modest and self-effacing … so yes … Miss Thomas was a teacher I have fond memories of …
Part 3 – tyle questions
Examiner: Which personal qualities do you think we most want to pass on to our children?
Martin: I certainly would want my children to be self-confident and self-assured … I really believe that people who feel good about themselves are in a good position to face what life has to offer them … and I’d hope they wouldn’t be self-centred … but remembered to think about others …
Examiner: Which characteristics do you think are the least appealing in a person?
Marianne: Well … people who are very narrow-minded are difficult to get on with … it’s nice when someone is open to other people’s opinion and willing to think about their own views … and people who are two-faced can be a little irritating … relationships are built on trust and without honesty there’s not much left …
Examiner: Which personality types do you think are less likely to suffer from stress or anxiety?
Sol: Probably people who are thick-skinned … who don’t let people or problems affect them too much … and if you are fair-minded you’ ll be less likely to overreact to situations or be quick-tempered …
- to be the life and soul of the party: a fun person, someone who is the centre of activity
- to bend over backwards: to try very hard to help someone
- broad-minded: prepared to accept other views or behaviours
- easy-going: relaxed and not easily worried about anything
- extrovert: an energetic person who likes the company of others
- fair-minded: to treat people equally
- fun-loving: to enjoy having fun
- to hide one’s light under a bushel: to hide one’s talents and skills
- good company: enjoyable to socialise with
- good sense of humour: the ability to understand what is funny
- introvert: someone who is shy
- laid-back: see ‘easy-going’
- to lose one’s temper: to suddenly become angry
- narrow minded: opposite of ‘broad-minded’ (see above)
- painfully shy: very shy
- to put others first: to think of others before yourself
- quick-tempered: to become angry quickly
- reserved: shy
- self-assured: confident
- self-centred: thinks only of oneself
- self-confident: believes in one’s own ability or knowledge
- self-effacing: to not try to get the attention of others (especially in terms of hiding one’s skills or abilities)
- to take after: to be like (often another member of the family)
- thick-skinned: not easily affected by criticism
- trustworthy: can be trusted
- two-faced: not honest or sincere. Will say one thing to someone to their face and another when they are not present.